What Are Kitchen Cabinets Made Of? – Zzone Homes


What Are Kitchen Cabinets Made Of? – Zzone Homes

Marco Manazzone

12 min read
Zzone Homes

We just need a few details and we'll get in touch to learn more about your project.

One crucial, yet often overlooked, component of your cooking space is the cabinets. These key players do a lot more than just store your pots, pans, and plates. They form the foundation of your kitchen’s aesthetic, influence the functionality of the space, and significantly contribute to your overall home decor.

With a plethora of styles, materials, and designs available, deciding on the right kitchen cabinet can seem overwhelming. Each cabinet type has its own advantages and drawbacks, depending on your budget, kitchen space, style preference and durability requirements. Detailed below is an array of cabinet types, alongside each of their pros and cons to help inform and simplify your decision-making process.

Whether you’re remodeling, building from scratch, or just seeking a kitchen update, here you can find the knowledge you need to make an informed decision. Let’s explore the horizon of kitchen cabinetry together and transform your cooking space into one that combines function with form in perfect harmony.

Understanding the Basics of Cabinet Materials

When selecting materials for cabinet construction, it’s essential to consider both the cabinet box and the door, as each component plays a critical role in the cabinet’s overall performance and look.

For the cabinet box, the two most popular materials are melamine and veneer core plywood. Melamine is appreciated for its durability and affordability. It’s a type of laminate that is easy to clean and resistant to stains, making it an excellent choice for busy kitchens. On the other hand, veneer core plywood offers a classic appeal with the beauty of real wood. It is also known for its strength and resistance to warping, providing a sturdy foundation for your cabinetry.

When it comes to the doors, HDF (High-Density Fiberboard) painted doors are a fantastic choice for a modern and sleek appearance. They provide a smooth finish that is perfect for paint, allowing for a wide range of color options. Additionally, the material is stable and less prone to cracking and warping than solid wood. For a more traditional look, 5-piece wood doors are a go-to. This style typically includes a frame made from four pieces of wood and a center panel, which can either be solid wood or plywood. This design not only adds visual depth and interest but also allows for the natural expansion and contraction of the wood, which can help prevent warping.

Understanding these materials is the first step in choosing the right cabinets that are not only visually appealing but also functional and durable. Whether you prefer the sleek, uniform look of melamine and HDF painted doors or the classic warmth of veneer core plywood and 5-piece wood doors, knowing the basics of cabinet materials will help you make an informed decision for your space.

The World of Wood. Doors & Overlay Panels 

Let’s delve into the wide variety of wood species available for kitchen cabinetry, with Oak and Maple standing at the forefront of popularity. These woods are prized for their durability and distinctive grain patterns, lending a timeless natural beauty to any kitchen. However, the realm of wood door options extends beyond these favorites, including alternatives like Cherry, known for its rich, reddish hue, and Hickory, which offers a robust, varied grain for a more rustic look. 

While solid wood brings an inherent warmth and organic character to kitchens, it’s increasingly employed as an accent or within a two-tone design, often in combination with painted or stained finishes. This contemporary approach allows for a personalized touch, blending the traditional charm of wood with modern design elements.

In the context of painting, HDF (High-Density Fiberboard) is the material of choice for doors and panels. HDF’s dense, uniform surface makes it ideal for painting, as it does not have the grain or texture that can lead to an uneven finish. In contrast, solid wood is generally not preferred for painting due to its natural tendency to expand and contract with changes in humidity, which can cause paint to crack and chip over time. Furthermore, painting solid wood can obscure its beautiful grain, a feature that’s typically sought after when choosing wood as a material. For these reasons, when the aim is a painted look, HDF offers a more reliable and aesthetically pleasing outcome, ensuring that the finish remains smooth and consistent over time.

Zzone Homes Inc stands as a beacon of expertise in the realm of cabinetry selections, providing an extensive array of choices that cater to diverse styles and budgets. Their seasoned professionals are adept at navigating the intricate nuances of materials, from the timeless grandeur of Oak and Maple to the modern sophistication of HDF painted doors. With a keen eye for detail and a deep understanding of each client’s unique vision, Zzone Homes Inc is committed to guiding homeowners through the decision-making process, ensuring that the final choice of cabinetry resonates with their aesthetic preferences and meets their financial considerations. Their personalized approach demystifies the complexity of options and simplifies the journey towards creating a kitchen that is not only functional but also a true reflection of the homeowner’s personal style.

Exploring Laminate

Laminate materials have become increasingly popular in the kitchen space due to their durability and cost-effectiveness. When it comes to cabinetry, laminate offers a pragmatic and versatile option. It is constructed by fusing multiple layers of paper with a plastic resin under high pressure, creating a final product that stands up well to moisture and stains, which is particularly useful in a kitchen environment. However, this material does have its limitations; for instance, it’s not the best at withstanding high temperatures, which means that hot pots and pans can potentially warp or damage the surface if placed directly upon it.

For everyday maintenance, laminate cabinets are relatively hassle-free, typically requiring just a simple wipe-down to keep them looking clean. Nonetheless, they do have a downside when it comes to repairs. If the surface gets chipped or scratched, it can be quite challenging to fix without seeking professional help.

In cases where the aesthetic of real wood is desired but the budget is restrictive, high-pressure laminate (HPL) doors and panels can mimic the look of wood quite convincingly. These laminates can reproduce realistic faux wood grains and textures, offering the appearance of solid wood at a fraction of the cost.

Tafisa is one of the companies that provide such solutions. They offer a variety of high-pressure laminate options that cater to different design preferences and practical requirements. For those interested in exploring what Tafisa has to offer in terms of laminate options for kitchen cabinets and panels, you can visit their website for more information and to view their product range.

Tips for Choosing the Right Cabinet Material

Selecting the perfect cabinet material is essential for the aesthetic and functionality of your kitchen, and understanding the cost implications of each option is crucial. If your vision includes a cozy and traditional kitchen ambiance, and your budget is somewhat flexible, natural wood or stained wood cabinets could be the ideal choice. These materials not only provide an authentic and timeless look but also offer a broad range of design possibilities. However, it’s worth noting that over time, wood may necessitate additional upkeep to maintain its appearance.

On the other hand, painted HDF (High-Density Fiberboard) cabinets present a less expensive alternative to stained wood. HDF offers the benefit of durability and a smooth finish that can be customized with your choice of paint colour, allowing for a personalized touch to your kitchen design.

For those prioritizing cost-effectiveness without significantly compromising on style, laminate cabinets are a noteworthy contender. Laminate is renowned for its vast selection of finishes that can mimic the look of more expensive materials. It’s also highly resistant to moisture, making it a practical option for busy kitchens. However, it’s important to consider that laminate may not withstand the rigors of heavy use as well as other materials.

The experts at Zzone Homes understand the intricacies of choosing the right cabinet material. They are equipped to navigate you through the selection process, ensuring that your kitchen not only reflects your personal style but also aligns with your budgetary constraints.

Now Let’s Talk Cabinet Paint!

When it comes to the longevity and finish of painted cabinets, the type of paint used is a critical factor. Water-based paints have become increasingly popular due to their lower environmental impact and ease of cleanup. They dry quickly and emit fewer odours, making them a user-friendly option. However, when it comes to durability, they may not be as robust as other types.

Acrylic paints are a step up in terms of durability. They are known for their excellent colour retention and resistance to chipping, making them a good choice for cabinets that will be used frequently. These paints maintain a lustrous finish over time and are less likely to yellow, ensuring the cabinets retain their beauty for years.

For the pinnacle of durability, polyurethane paints are unmatched. They create a hard, highly durable surface that is resistant to scratches and general wear and tear. Polyurethane finishes are ideal for high-traffic kitchen environments where cabinets need to withstand constant handling and exposure to various elements.

Zzone Homes prioritizes the utmost in durability and quality for their cabinetry finishes by exclusively using polyurethane paint. Polyurethane is renowned for its superior resistance to wear, tear, and moisture, making it an exceptional choice for kitchen cabinets that face daily exposure to cooking, cleaning, and frequent handling. This type of paint forms a hard, protective shell over the cabinet surfaces, which effectively guards against scratches, dents, and stains.

Moreover, polyurethane paint maintains its sheen and colour over time, resisting the yellowing that can occur with other paints. It ensures that the cabinets not only have a premium, sleek appearance when first completed but also that they retain this look in the long term. By committing to this high standard of finish, Zzone Homes guarantees that their clients’ investment in kitchen cabinetry is protected by the most durable paint option available, reflecting their dedication to excellence and customer satisfaction.

Types of Cabinets

When embarking on a kitchen renovation or designing a new space, choosing the right cabinetry is essential to both function and aesthetic. Let’s explore the different cabinet types and their options, as well as the nuances between custom and semi-custom cabinets, with a nod to Zzone Homes Custom Cabinetry division, Sharp Cabinetry, and the unique benefits they offer through their made-to-order custom cabinetry solutions.

Base Cabinets

Base cabinets are the workhorses of kitchen cabinetry, providing the foundation for countertops and kitchen layout. They are typically 24 inches deep and 36 inches tall, with adjustable legs to handle uneven floors. Options for base cabinets include drawers, pull-out bins, lazy Susans, and specialized organizers. Materials range from solid woods to laminates and metals, with finishes that can suit any design style.

Wall Cabinets

Wall cabinets offer storage at eye level, with a standard depth of 12 to 17 inches. They can be extended to the ceiling for extra storage or left with space above them for a more traditional look. Options for wall cabinets include glass doors for display, lighting within the cabinets, and a variety of door styles from shaker to flat-front, allowing for customization to the homeowner’s taste.

Pantry Cabinets 

Pantry cabinets are tall, often extending from floor to ceiling, providing an ample storage space for dry goods and larger kitchen items. They can come with a variety of shelving options, pull-out drawers, and even integrated appliances. A well-designed pantry can serve as a kitchen’s focal point, with the option to blend seamlessly with the rest of the cabinetry or stand out as an accent piece.

Custom vs. Semi-Custom Cabinets

Custom cabinets are made to order, tailored to fit the exact dimensions and style preferences of your kitchen. They offer the ultimate flexibility in terms of materials, finishes, sizes, and configurations. Semi-custom cabinets are a step down from custom cabinets; they offer a range of pre-determined styles and sizes with a certain degree of mix-and-match capability. You can select from a set of options to somewhat tailor the cabinets to your space, but not to the extent of full customization

Advantages of Custom Cabinetry

At Sharp Cabinetry, the custom cabinetry division of Zzone Homes, the focus is on creating unique, made-to-order pieces that perfectly fit the specific dimensions and design aspirations of your kitchen. The advantages of custom cabinetry include:

  • Tailored Fit: Custom cabinets are designed to fit your kitchen’s unique measurements, leaving no wasted space.
  • Personalized Design: From the wood species to the finish and hardware, every detail can be personalized.
  • Quality Craftsmanship: Custom cabinets are often synonymous with superior craftsmanship, resulting in a longer-lasting product.
  • Flexibility: Odd-sized appliances or unconventional layouts are no problem for custom cabinetry.
  • Increased Home Value: Custom cabinets can be a selling point, potentially increasing the value of your home.

While ready-made cabinets can be cost-effective and quick to install, they lack the durability, fit, and personalized touch that comes with custom options. By choosing a custom solution like Sharp Cabinetry, homeowners invest in the longevity and beauty of their space, ensuring that their kitchen stands out with a design that is uniquely theirs.

Wrapping Up

As we reach the conclusion of our exploration into the materials that make up the heart of your kitchen, it’s important to reflect on the importance of making the right choice for your home. Your kitchen cabinets are not just a backdrop; they are a statement of your style and a testament to the practicality of your space. Whether you’re drawn to the sturdy charm of solid wood, the sleekness of laminate, or the modern finesse of HDF, Zzone Homes Inc. has offered a comprehensive guide to understanding and selecting the perfect cabinets for your kitchen.

Remember, the best choice is one that aligns with your aesthetic desires, meets your functional needs, and adheres to your budget. With this information at your fingertips, you’re now equipped to make a choice that will bring joy and utility to your kitchen for years to come. Embrace the process, and let your kitchen cabinetry reflect the essence of your home’s character, crafted with care by the experts at Zzone Homes Inc.

About Us

Welcome to Zzone Homes Inc, your premier home renovation and remodeling contractor in the Greater Hamilton Area. We specialize in complete home renovations, kitchen and bathroom remodeling, basement finishing, custom cabinetry, and more. With nearly 20 years of experience, our team of in-house experts are dedicated to providing you with the best possible service and results.

Zzone Homes Inc

Phone: +1 905-906-9152

9-390 Dewitt Rd
Stoney Creek, ON L8E4P6


Let's Connect

Path firescript-logo